对于数据库操作例如导入导出经常会涉及到设置字符集,所以如何查看mysql数据库的字符集是网站管理员需要掌握的技巧。
下面介绍3种常用的mysql字符集查看命令
一、查看MySQL数据库服务器和数据库MySQL字符集。

mysql> show variables like '%char%';  
+--------------------------+-------------------------------------+------  
| Variable_name            | Value                               |......  
+--------------------------+-------------------------------------+------  
| character_set_client     | utf8                                |......   -- 客户端字符集  
| character_set_connection | utf8                                |......  
| character_set_database   | utf8                                |......   -- 数据库字符集  
| character_set_filesystem | binary                              |......  
| character_set_results    | utf8                                |......  
| character_set_server     | utf8                                |......   -- 服务器字符集  
| character_set_system     | utf8                                |......  
| character_sets_dir       | D:\MySQL Server 5.0\share\charsets\ |......  
+--------------------------+-------------------------------------+------ 

二、查看MySQL数据表(table)的MySQL字符集。

mysql> show table status from sqlstudy_db like '%countries%';  
+-----------+--------+---------+------------+------+-----------------+------  
| Name      | Engine | Version | Row_format | Rows | Collation       |......  
+-----------+--------+---------+------------+------+-----------------+------  
| countries | InnoDB |      10 | Compact    |   11 | utf8_general_ci |......  
+-----------+--------+---------+------------+------+-----------------+------

三、查看MySQL数据列(column)的MySQL字符集。

mysql> show full columns from countries;  
+----------------------+-------------+-----------------+--------  
| Field                | Type        | Collation       | .......  
+----------------------+-------------+-----------------+--------  
| countries_id         | int(11)     | NULL            | .......  
| countries_name       | varchar(64) | utf8_general_ci | .......  
| countries_iso_code_2 | char(2)     | utf8_general_ci | .......  
| countries_iso_code_3 | char(3)     | utf8_general_ci | .......  
| address_format_id    | int(11)     | NULL            | .......  
+----------------------+-------------+-----------------+--------  

希望以上三种方法对您今后操作数据库有所帮助

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